At the beginning of World War II, the American Navy was completely segregated. Black sailors cold not mingle with white sailors, and were placed in alternate facilities. Black sailors could only serve as mess stewards. But through the bravery of a few black sailors during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and elsewhere—especially the heroic actions of Dorie Miller - the Navy’s policy changed. Dorie fought with courage and conviction, and through his valor, the Navy and the rest of the armed forces desegregated.