Born into poverty, E.D. Nixon grew up determined to change the conditions around him. After teaching himself how to read, Nixon was convinced that education - fair and equal educationówas the key to uplift struggling blacks. As a member of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first all-black labor union, Nixon was instrumental in its success in the struggle for fair treatment and pay. One of the major architects of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Nixon was a leader of many Montgomery civil rights organizations, including the local branch of the NAACP, the Montgomery Welfare League, the Montgomery Voters League, and the Montgomery Improvement Association. Often working behind the scenes, Nixon was a resourceful man, who dedicated his life to the concept of equality.